Introduction to school of art
Whenever we talk about a school of art, it refers to a group of artisans who work on similar mediums, subject, styles etc during a particular period in history. What is interesting to note is that these persons may not be around in the same place as the other! Yet, through their art, they are able to belong to a single group. However, an exception could be that few of them could collaborate with one another as well as help the other. In some instances, a group would have been formed and even be given a name for it! Whatever maybe the case, it is necessary for us to understand certain schools that are there in the realm of visual arts. By this, we can know its importance as well be able to appreciate the diversities that exist.
Following are some of the most famous schools of art:
Abstract Expressionism- This school gained momentum in the USA especially during the 1950’s. Artists of this school were known to display emotions through abstract forms and colour. Painters like Wassilyevich Kandinsky (1866-1944) and Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) were part of this movement.
Baroque – Religious subjects through the usage of scenes and characters was the
specialty of this school. It was very popular in the seventeenth century and it was characterized by strong colouring and dark-light combinations of shading. Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) used a form of baroque style in most of his art works.
Classicism- This school has its roots in the creations of the Greeks and Romans. In short, these paints were clear, simple with realistic lines. Hence, they needed to be created in a orderly and careful manner.
Cubism – Painters of this genre are known to display the front, back, and sides of a subject at the same time in geometric patterns. Noted exponents include Pablo Picasso(1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963) who made cubist paintings and etchings.
Expressionism- Expressionism, as an art form, is known to convey two meanings. It is something that is emotional, intense and passionate by using intense colour and showing of strong feelings. Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) and El Greco (real name Doménikos Theotokópoulos) (1541-1614) were expressionistic painters. The second type refers to the German expressionism that existed in the early part of the twentieth century.
Fauvism- One name that comes to mind is the French painter Henri Matisse (1869-1954). This involved usage of intense colours and a free form that had a strong decorative affect.
Geometric Abstraction- This kind of art uses geometric forms and colours which would have a top, bottom, and side panels. Pieter Cornelis Mondrian (1872-1944)was one such painter who excelled in this art form.
Impressionism- Artists of this existed during the late nineteenth and early twentieth
century’s and are regarded even now among the most popular painters. Examples include Edgar Degas (1834-1917), Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), Edouard Manet (1832-1883) and Oscar-Claude Monet (1840-1926).
Minimalism– Here, abstract geometric lines and basic colours are used for creating art forms. This was found mostly during the mid-twentieth century.
Naturalism- Naturalist painters excelled in giving an almost photographic likeness of what their eyes had seen from a given distance. Examples of naturalists include Edouard Manet (1832-1883) Edgar Degas (1834-1917) and William Harnett (1848-1892)were naturalists. (Compare to realism below.)
Op Art- This art form gained momentum in the 1960s. These artists are known to show vivid, visually stimulating geometric forms and colours that repeat themselves to create illusions. Pieter Cornelis Mondrian (1872-1944) and Maurits Escher (1898-1972) are two examples.
Photo Realism- Also known as ‘new realism’, this was seen among painters of the 1970’s. It involved slice-of-life photos with great detail and emphasis of light or colour of certain objects. American Richard Estes (1932-) has made his name in this style of art.
Pointillism- If one sees dots of colour while standing close to a painting and at the same time , sees the colour blending while standing back, it is known as Pointillist art form. Georges-Pierre Seurat (1859-1891) and Oscar-Claude Monet (1840-1926) can be termed as ‘pointillists’.
Pop Art-In this art form, artists try to replicate objects as accurately as possible. Andy Warhol (1928-1987) and Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997) are two renowned names in this genre of art.
Postimpressionism- This style was in existence during the early and middle 20th century and artists used impressionist painting styles to develop further styles to convey a profound personal message or meaning. Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) and Vincent Willem van Gogh (1853-1890) are some examples.
Realism- During the previous century painters created scenes that were easily recognizable and realistic as well as the subject could be seen in both its attractive and unattractive dimensions.
Romanticism- In this genre, painters used emotions like joy, fear, anger, pride, hurt, and love as a means of self-expression to make strong, personal statements.
Street Art- A common example of this art form include graffiti, murals painted community walls, or gang-related logos and messages all painted symbolically. Usually, these painters
are representatives of the urban working class or those who have not had formal training.
Surrealism- Salvador Dali (1904-1989) is one name that is synonymous with this art movement that existed in Europe during the World War I and World War II. One can see dreamy sequences along with mysterious symbols and meanings.
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A team of art lover students pursuing University degree in animation at Animaster Academy- an ace animation college in India, cumulated data to bring forth this article to the readers.