An overview on Visual Art
The human eye is often compared to a digital camera. No wonder it is the most complex organ of our body! Before understanding about visual arts, it is necessary to know a bit about the anatomy of the eye.
Any light source gets focused directly on the cornea. Since the cornea is at the front, it can be compared to the lens of a camera. Just like how we have a diaphragm in a camera, we have the iris that regulates the amount of light reaching the back of the eye. This is done by adjusting the size of the aperture. The light gets focused through the crystalline lens which can be found directly behind the pupil in the eye. By the process of accommodation, the eye acts as though it is an autofocus lens of a camera. This is when the eye begins to focus on close by and approaching objects. Once the light gets focused by the cornea and the crystalline lens, it reaches that part of the eye which is the inner lining at the back of the eye. This is the retina and it coverts optical images into electronic signals which is similar to the function of an image sensor in a digital camera. The optic nerve takes over from there and transmits the signals to the visual cortex. It is due to this visual cortex that we are able to see as it controls the sense of sight. Apart from the main function of sight, eyes play other roles as well. This includes movement of certain muscles that allow the eye to move, carrying of fluids that nourish the eye, send sensory information to the bran etc.
Visual arts relate to things that we see, mostly flat or two-dimensional. Visual arts include paintings, drawings, visual designs, computer art, and also photography. Somewhat visual arts differ from performing arts.
Art is often considered a language all of its own, quite away from spoken language. Just like any spoken language, it expresses feelings, but sans words. Visual arts let us discover a world of experience which is around or inside us, but we are unable to describe just with words. The visual arts help us give shape to our imagination.
Visual artworks are a powerful media of expression because, we are primarily visual sensors. It is also a memory handle as recalling something is more quick and easy with one picture, as our brains understands visual images better than verbal processes. As is rightly said- a picture is worth a thousand words. We may say that our brain is simulated for visual stimulation.
A visual art works as if the artist is communicating just as if he/she is talking to the viewer. Though not spoken, but well expressed. There are plenty of things that go into creating a visual art what it is, and varied things that an artist can say just by altering, reflecting combinations.
An understanding of VISUAL ARTS
In simple terms, visual arts refer to anything that our eyes can see and perceive. These would be mostly flat or two-dimensional. Common examples include like paintings, drawings, visual designs, and photograph and computer art to name a few. As they are two-dimensional, they tend to stay in one place and hardly exhibit any movement while we observe them. This is the reason performing arts like stage, screen, music, and dance arts are classified under separate categories.
From the point of view of animation, visual arts refer to a broad category that is modern in nature. Certain forms like ceramics, drawing, painting, print making etc also constitute visual art. All this and more evolved during the second half of the 20th century and became an industry in itself. Since the human eyes are the main conduit for appreciating these visual arts, an introduction as well as understanding was brought about in the previous paragraph.
Based on the medium used, visual arts are classified as follows:
- Painting/drawing which is purely in the 2D medium.
- Carving/weaving which is in the 3D medium.
- Electronic art that is in the light/digital medium.
Further classification of each of the visual art forms
Each of the above visual arts can be further divided as follows:
- Pencil drawing
- Carving/weaving :
- Stained glass
- Carved designs
- Electronic art
- Computer art
- Abstract video
- Web art
- Light display
- Digitized video
In modern times, visual arts have evolved in variety of new forms and in innovative ways. Newer art forms such as collage, assemblage, photomontage, video art, animation and invention of new colours and paints and printing techniques have expanded this field. In turn, they have enriched our lives with new forms of visual art that amaze and enthrall art lovers.
The team at Animaster Academy, the leading animation college in Bangalore, takes the pleasure to gen the readers an overview on Visual Arts, in this article. To know more about the creative industry, please go through another article on Career in Animation.