Introduction to photography
To explain what photography is, one should look into the origin of that term. The etymological source of the word is in Greek- Photos in Greek means light and graphos or graphein means to draw. Therefore, in simple terms, photography is a process wherein visible images are produced with the aid of light. Photography refers to formation of images that are optical in nature by means of a camera onto a light sensitive source. The first reference to the word photography can be attributed to the renowned astronomer Sir William Herschel who mentioned about it to William Henry Fox Talbot via a letter in 1839.
It was in the same year that a French artist Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre developed the first prototype of the first commercially successful photographic process called as the daguerreotype. Talbot worked on improvising the process and by 1841 had secured a patent for what came to be referred to as the precursor for the modern photographic processes. In 1851, the wet collodion process was developed followed by dry plates in 1871. However, it was only in 1889 that flexible films made its presence due to the efforts of George Eastman.
The credit goes to him for making photography reach out to the masses as his company the Eastman Kodak Company came out with trendy as well as handy cameras. Talking about cameras, this word traces its origin from Latin meaning a ‘room’!
Cameras can be classified as follows:
Based on function:
Based on technology:
Based on format:
No one in the present day is a stranger to photography. But how many know that there is a special technique called Cloud photography? Here is a brief account of the same. Clouds floating in the sky have always fascinated photographers. But special effort is needed to capture them on lens as they keep moving against the vast canvas of the sky.
Cloud photography and tips that can be followed
Cloud or Cloudscape photography owes its genesis to the Belgian photographer Léonard Misonne who took many black and white photographs of skies and clouds.
Misonne’s contemporary was the American Alfred Stieglitz who is remembered for the ‘equivalents’ he shot from 1925 to 1931.
There are many more exponents who have contributed to the development of this field in their own unique ways. Talking about clouds, it can be referred to as a mass of water vapour that would have got condensed and would be floating on its own at a level above the ground. Since clouds are a part of the sky above, it becomes necessary that a good photographer pays attention to the sky before capturing the clouds. For a layman, the importance of the sky would be limited. However, if any landscape photo has to be taken, the movement of clouds along with the skyline has to be borne in mind. For now, let us get to know some tips to take the perfect shot!
- Carry your camera always!
- Try to shoot more of the sky as the clouds will inevitably be a part of it. They could be cropped if necessary.
- Give it a long exposure so that the clouds can be captured successfully.
- At times, the sky may appear to be too bright. In that case, try to underexpose the image.
- It is but natural that there could be many things flying in and out in the sky. While focusing, try to keep these flying objects out of the frame.
- Instead of taking a photo in the regular fashion, one may try to take them in transforming ways by flipping or rotating them at the right angle.
Types of clouds
Based on the photos taken of clouds; they could be classified as follows:
Just like people, clouds also vary in their nature. Just as one has to adjust and adapt to get people, poses and moods right, one has to patiently try to get right picture of clouds. Since one cannot predict which type of cloud will appear when, it is better to be ready with the camera to capture the beauty of nature. There is no disagreement with the opinion that clouds are one of the most beautiful manifestations of nature.
Thank you for reading!
I am an amateur photographer, learning photographic techniques and thereby photo-editing in my degree course in animation, from Animaster Academy, Bangalore. I love to learn angles and techniques in nature photography. I penned down this article collecting information from several websites and my experiences.